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Festive Season and Our Pets.
Festive Season and Our Pets.

The holiday season is approaching, and everyone is looking forward to spending time with friends and family. It is critical to remember our pet's health and safety as we conclude our Christmas shopping and prepare for visitors or travel. This time of year can be a lot of fun, but it can also be a lot of work for our four-legged companions as their surroundings changes and more and more people come to visit.

 

With all the decorations, presents, and food, there is a heightened danger of illness or injury around Christmas season; however, it is crucial to maintain a typical routine for your pets, such as exercise and eating, so they can remain comfortable. Here are some suggestions for keeping your pets safe during the holidays.

 

If you enjoy Christmas, you must have Christmas decorations, but they might be dangerous if not set up properly around your four-legged buddy. Low-hanging lights, ornaments, and tinsel for your Christmas tree can pose a major threat to your pet because they are commonly mistaken for treats and can cause serious intestinal obstructions. It is best to keep the decorations out of your pets' reach or use ornaments that are too large for them to ingest.

 

Some decorations necessitate the use of energy to reach their full potential. To avoid your cat or dog from chewing on the power leads to these decorations and causing themselves significant harm, tape them to the ground or the wall.

 

Christmas tree can cause complications for pets, producing problems in their intestines. If you can't get your pet to quit eating these, an artificial substitute can be a better fit for your family.

 

Quick pointers:

  • To avoid your pet swallowing paper or ribbon, clean up quickly after opening presents.
  • If you know you'll have company, exercise your dog ahead of time so they'll be calmer and less energetic around them.
  • Make a private space for your pet to get away from the crowds and relax.
  • Dogs should not eat lollipops or Christmas sweets because they are typically poisonous and can cause illness or major health concerns.
  • As guests arrive, keep a watch out for your pet fleeing out the front door.

Christmas lunch and dinner leftovers might be a treat on Christmas Day, but they can also be dangerous to your dogs. These are frequently rich, fatty foods that irritate your pet's stomach and can result in inflammation, vomiting, and significant internal problems. Cooked bones should also be avoided because they can easily splinter in your pet's throat or intestines. Feed your dog before you eat and keep a packet of special goodies on hand to divert their attention away from the food you're eating.

 

Our pets are more likely to become ill or harmed as a result of all the decorations, presents, and food. You can lessen the hazards for your pet and have a pleasant and safe holiday season by keeping these potential threats in mind.

Epilepsy Awareness Month
Epilepsy Awareness Month

Epilepsy is defined by the World Health Organization as a chronic noncommunicable disease of the brain characterized by frequent seizures. A seizure is a sudden rush of electrical activity in the brain. There are two main types of seizures: Generalized seizures which affect the whole brain and partial seizures which affect just one part of the brain.

Causes of seizure include

  • high fever
  • head trauma
  • very low blood sugar
  • alcohol withdrawal
  • brain damage from prenatal or perinatal causes
  • congenital abnormalities or genetic conditions with associated brain malformations
  • a stroke that restricts the amount of oxygen to the brain
  • a brain tumor

Symptoms of epilepsy

Seizures are the main symptoms of epilepsy. Symptoms differ from person to person and according to the type of seizure.

Focal or partial seizures can be divided into simple partial seizure and complex partial seizure.
A simple partial seizure does not involve loss of consciousness. Symptoms include: alterations to sense of taste, smell, sight, hearing, or touch, dizziness, and tingling and twitching of limbs.
On the other hand, complex partial seizures involve loss of awareness or consciousness. Other symptoms include: staring blankly, unresponsiveness and performing repetitive movements.

Generalized seizures involve the whole brain. There are six types:

 

  • Absence seizures cause a blank stare. This type of seizure may also cause repetitive movements like lip smacking or blinking. There’s also usually a short loss of awareness.
  • Tonic seizures cause muscle stiffness.
  • Atonic seizures lead to loss of muscle control and can make the person fall down suddenly.
  • Clonic seizures are characterized by repeated, jerky muscle movements of the face, neck, and arms.
  • Myoclonic seizures cause spontaneous quick twitching of the arms and legs.
  • Tonic-clonic seizures cause stiffening of the body, shaking, loss of bladder or bowel control, biting of the tongue and loss of consciousness.

 

Epilepsy first aid

 

  • During a convulsion, make no attempt to put anything in the mouth or between the teeth.
  • Do not attempt to restrain convulsive movements.
  • Turn the person gently onto one side. This will help the person breathe.
  • Clear the area around the person of anything hard or sharp. This can prevent injury.
  • Put something soft and flat, like a folded jacket, under his or her head.
  • Loosen ties or anything around the neck that may make it hard to breathe.
  • Call an ambulance if the seizure lasts longer than 5 minutes.

After convulsive movements have subsided, place the patient in the recovery position and check the airway. After the convulsion the patient may be confused and may need reassurance and sympathy.

 

Treatments for epilepsy

Anti-epileptic (anticonvulsant, antiseizure) drugs: These medications can reduce the number of seizures patients have. In some people, they eliminate seizures. To be effective, the medication must be taken exactly as prescribed.

Vagus nerve stimulator: This device is surgically placed under the skin on the chest and electrically stimulates the nerve that runs through the neck. This can help prevent seizures.

Ketogenic diet: More than half of people who do not respond to medication, benefit from this high fat, low carbohydrate diet.

Brain surgery: The area of the brain that causes seizure activity can be removed or altered.

Some people need treatment for life. Others might be able to stop treatment if their seizures disappear over time. When medications are missed or not taken regularly, there’s a greater risk for seizures and sudden unexpected death in epilepsy. Therefore, antiepileptic/ anticonvulsant medications should be taken as prescribed by a healthcare professional. Empowering epileptic patients and their caregivers with the right information concerning their drug regimen can reduce the risk of seizures and save lives.

La préparation sportive & la gestion des douleurs avec Panacea
La préparation sportive & la gestion des douleurs avec Panacea

De plus en plus fréquentes avec l’âge et favorisées par un mode de vie stressant et sédentaire, les tensions d’ordre articulaire ou musculaire peuvent être apaisées grâce à des alternatives naturelles. Le laboratoire Panacea Pharma vous propose une gamme de produits conditionnés sous plusieurs formes pour s’adapter précisément à vos besoins et vous permettre de retrouver rapidement du confort. Formulés à base d’huiles essentielles et d’huiles végétales, ils offrent une réponse efficace et naturelle pour soulager vos zones de tensions.

 

Quel produit pour les raideurs et tensions choisir ?

Pour apaiser les sensations de tensions d’ordre articulaire ou musculaire après un entraînement sportif, nous vous conseillons le roll on gel Kaodol ainsi que le spray Kaodol.

Appliqués en massage ou en friction après l’effort, ces produits vous assurent une réponse rapide et efficace et vous permettent de retrouver du confort et un bien être général. Vous pouvez également opter pour l’huile de soin ou le baume Panaceum pour une détente au quotidien.

 

Pour éviter l’apparition des crampes, contractures, une bonne préparation sportive est essentielle avant la réalisation d’une activité physique. Tout comme l’échauffement des muscles, une bonne récupération sportive a également toute son importance pour faciliter la régénération musculaire et le retour à la normale de l’organisme après l’effort. L’application de soins ciblés sur les zones sollicitées grâce à un massage efficace va contribuer à préparer le corps à l’effort, permettre d’optimiser les performances et faciliter la régénération musculaire, limitant ainsi l’inconfort.

  • Prévenir et soulager les crampes et claquages, chauffer et assouplir les muscles
  • Prolonger l’effort sans effet dopant en maximisant les capacités musculaires et en évitant les inflammations
  • Augmenter la vascularisation des muscles et éviter les douleurs pendant l’effort
  • Permettre une rapide récupération après l’effort physique intense et l’élimination des déchets métaboliques (acide lactique)

 

Les produits Panacea Pharma pour la préparation sportive

Le laboratoire Panacea Pharma vous propose de découvrir notre produit spécialement conçu pour la préparation sportive et pour contribuer à apaiser les tensions musculaires et les contractures. Spécifiquement formulés pour répondre aux besoins des sportifs, ce produit possède une texture non grasse qui permet un massage en profondeur et agit en profondeur pour chauffer les muscles avant l’effort, apaiser les crampes ou les éventuels claquages.

 

Venez nous rendre visite pour en savoir plus !

How to protect your bones as you age?
How to protect your bones as you age?

The skeleton system of our body plays vital role throughout our lifetime. It acts as pillar of support for our body’s framework and protects our vital organs. Additionally, bones help storing minerals like calcium and phosphorous, as well as supports the muscles for locomotion. From birth to old age our bones go through series of changes. By the age of 30, the bone mass density reaches its peak. After which it tends to lose more bone mass than it is deposited. Osteoporosis is a frequently occurring condition developed by people as they grow old. In this condition, bones become weak and fragile. Consequently, it becomes difficult to heal a broken bone after an osteoporotic fracture.

 

According to statistics, adult population above the age of 50 tend to break their bones easily. Where it is seen, 1 in 2 women and 1 in 4 men fracture their bones due to osteoporosis. Hence, it is important to take care of our bones from young age to an old age. The skeleton system of our body plays vital role throughout our lifetime. It acts as pillar of support for our body’s framework and protects our vital organs. Additionally, bones help storing minerals like calcium and phosphorous, as well as supports the muscles for locomotion. From birth to old age our bones go through series of changes. By the age of 30, the bone mass density reaches its peak. After which it tends to lose more bone mass than it is deposited. Osteoporosis is a frequently occurring condition developed by people as they grow old. In this condition, bones become weak and fragile brittle. Consequently, it becomes difficult to heal a broken bone after an osteoporotic fracture. According to statistics, adult population above the age of 50 tend to break their bones easily. Where it is seen, 1 in 2 women and 1 in 4 men fracture their bones due to osteoporosis. Hence, it is important to take care of our bones from young age to an old age.

 

There are certain risk factors which may act as a catalyst for accelerating osteoporosis early. Lack of vitamin D and calcium in diet, lack of physical activity, being underweight, smoking and drinking, irregular hormonal levels and intake of certain medications are some common examples of risk factors.

 

While the risk factors increase the vulnerability of osteoporosis as we age. On the other hand, following steps can be incorporated in one’s lifestyle to better one’s bone health:

 

  • Incorporating food and drinks rich in calcium and vitamin D. For example, low-fat dairy, tofu, soy milk, green leafy vegetables, leguminous pulses, salmon and nuts are good sources for calcium. Exposing one’s body to sunlight for 10-15 minutes twice or thrice a week acts as a good source for vitamin D. Food products like fortified milk and cereals, salmon, tuna, shrimp and oysters are also good sources for vitamin D.
  • Indulging in regular exercise for minimum half and hour keeps the muscles and bones strong. Strength building, weight training exercises and dancing are one of the best ways to keep fit and healthy bones.
  • Avoid tobacco and alcohol abuse. According to the medical advice, women should not consume no more than one drink per day and men should not consume no more than two drinks per day.
  • With increasing age, regular bone density tests and health check-ups with doctors helps prevent excessive bone density loss

 

Starting early is no harm. Therefore, taking care of bones since a young age becomes essential to prevent poor bone health. During childhood and adolescent years, bones rapidly grow. These form crucial years for developing good bone health. Proper balanced diet with increased intake of calcium rich foods and minimum one hour of physical exercise everyday helps to maintain good bone health. Additionally, adults after 30 years of age must integrate healthy lifestyle practices. Following are few activities to prevent poor bone health after the age of 30:

 

  • Exercising daily for 30 minutes least
  • Being cautious from falls or accidents
  • Going for regular eye check-ups
  • Regular bone density tests. Especially, after age of 50 with a fractured bone
  • Additional intake of calcium and vitamin D over the age of 50
  • Regular medication, if prescribed by doctor, for bone density

Looking for supplements that provide sources of Calcium combined with important supporting nutrients? Visit the following link: Vitabiotics Osteocare

Octobre Rose
Octobre Rose

Nous connaissons tous une personne atteinte du cancer du sein. Dans certains des cas la personne arrive à s’en sortir mais hélas dans d’autres cas c’est la maladie qui l’emporte. Le cancer du sein est le type de cancer le plus courant à Maurice et touche de plus en plus de femmes entre 50 à 69 ans. Selon les statistiques du ministère de la santé, 2809 Mauriciennes ont été diagnostiquées avec un cancer du sein de 2015 à 2019 (Inside news, 2021). Différents facteurs favorisent l’apparition d’un cancer du sein chez la femme parmi lesquels on retrouve l’âge de la personne, les facteurs génétiques, une grossesse tardive, les règles précoces, l’allaitement, l’obésité et la sédentarité. Le cancer du sein se manifeste chez la femme par l’apparition d’une grosseur au niveau du sein ou de l’aisselle, une modification de la texture ou de pigmentation de la peau du sein ou de l’aréole et par l’apparition d’écoulements anormaux au niveau du mamelon.

 

Il est donc recommandé de passer une mammographie tous les 2 ans pour celles qui sont âgées de plus de 50 ans, de pratiquer régulièrement l’autopalpation du sein, d’adopter une vie saine en favorisant une alimentation équilibrée, en évitant la cigarette et la consommation d’alcool, d’allaiter son bébé, de faire de l’exercice physique régulièrement et de prendre des médicaments hormonaux et contraceptifs sur l’avis d’un médecin.

 

A l’occasion de la journée mondiale du cancer du sein, Medactiv apporte son soutien à ces femmes fortes et courageuses qui mènent un combat sans relâche contre cette maladie et nous encourageons toutes les femmes de se faire dépister car la détection précoce du cancer du sein augmente les chances de survie.

 

Inside News, (2021). Le cancer en chiffre à Maurice. [online] https://inside.news/2021/07/25/le-cancer-en-chiffres-a-maurice/

Summer guide to sunburns and sunscreen
Summer guide to sunburns and sunscreen

When it comes to beauty products, nothing beats the skin-saving power of a good broad-spectrum sunscreen that protects our skin. It is even more important when it comes to going outside in the summer—especially when skin is exposed. Without sunscreen, you’re putting yourself at risk for sun damage that will lead to premature aging and potentially skin cancer. Sunscreen plays a major role in decreasing those risks—that is, if you are applying it properly and using the right sun protection factor (SPF). While it is always best to prevent a sunburn, we know that it’s easier said than done.

 

  • What is a sunburn?

A sunburn is a visible reaction to the sun caused by exposure to ultraviolet radiation (UV rays). These UV rays hit skin at wavelengths ranging from 280 to 400 nanometres. The main culprit is exposure to dangerous UVB (think of “B” for “burning”) rays, which have a medium wavelength. They damage the outer layer of the skin, causing a sunburn, which can turn skin red, tender and sensitive to the touch and can cause blistering. In fact, UVB rays cause most skin cancers.

 

The other most common UV ray is UVA (think of “A” for “aging”), which has the longest wavelength. These rays cause oxidative stress, meaning the oxygen molecules in skin become unstable and create free radicals. This chain reaction can lead to collagen breakdown and even skin cancer. Finally, there are the lesser-known UVC rays, which have the shortest wavelength and are filtered out by the ozone.

 

  • What are the signs of a sunburn?

Though everyone’s sunburns are varied, nothing kills summer fun faster than a painful burn. We are all familiar with the redness and pain that comes with a sunburn, but swelling, fever and chills are also symptoms. During the healing process, skin can become extremely dry and itchy and eventually peel. While the signs of a sunburn may be temporary, skin damage is permanent, increasing the risk of skin cancers, wrinkles and sunspots.

 

  • How long does a sunburn last?

The signs of a sunburn may not appear for a few hours, but it typically reveals its worst symptoms by 24 to 36 hours after exposure to UVB rays. While a mild sunburn takes two or three days to fade, more serious ones—the ones that cause blistering or scabbing—can take two weeks. However, the process can be sped up with the right treatments.

 

Sunburn treatments

 

  • How to get rid of a sunburn?

No one wants to walk around with a lobster-red sunburn or peeling skin, so easing the pain and speeding up recovery is essential—and the first area to tackle is redness and inflammation. Your healthcare professional may recommend taking ibuprofen to give you sunburn relief and reduce the inflammation. Next, take some of the heat out of your skin with damp compresses followed by a soothing after-sun lotion.

 

  • How to stop sunburn itch?

One of the more irritating side effects is the pesky itch that comes from sore, tender, sunburned skin. The urge to scratch is triggered because the sun has killed the top layer of skin cells and new healthy cells need to come up to the surface. But scratching isn’t the answer; in fact, it can lead to infection. Sweet relief comes by moisturizing the skin with an after-sun hydrating milk.

 

  • How to stop a sunburn from peeling?

A peeling sunburn is a sign that serious damage has been done to your skin on a deep cellular level. Think of it as a defence mechanism; it’s your body’s way of healing, replacing the damaged layer with healthy new cells. Depending on the severity of the sunburn, your skin could shed for up to two weeks. Once you start peeling, there’s no real way to prevent it, but you can speed up the process by staying out of the sun and using a topical sunburn treatment like after-sun hydrating milk.

 

  • How to treat sunburn blisters?

One of the most severe symptoms of sunburn is blistered skin, which is a second-degree burn caused by sun exposure. A blistering sunburn can form small bumps on the skin that are usually white or transparent. Never pop these blisters! They are there to help protect against infection and heal the skin. Instead, talk to your healthcare professional as they may recommend taking ibuprofen to reduce swelling. Additionally, place cold & damp packs on blistered skin to take down the heat and reduce blister size, and then follow up with a moisturizer.

 

  • How to soothe sunburn redness?

Every sunburn goes through a similar healing process, but it all starts with the burn developing, which can take about 12 hours. To help mitigate the hot, prickly feeling, enjoy a cool shower and drink lots of water because a sunburn draws fluid to the skin’s surface and away from the rest of the body.

 

  • How to treat sunburned lips?

First, use a cold compress to help reduce redness and inflammation. Just like with skin on the rest of your body, your lips will get very dry after the initial inflammation goes down, so use a moisturizing lip balm with an SPF 30 or higher and rehydrate by drinking lots of water or sports drinks to boost electrolytes.

 

Sunburn prevention

 

  •  How to prevent a sunburn while swimming?

 

You need to be extra careful around water because its surface reflects and can even magnify the damaging rays of the sun, and this can increase your chances of getting a sunburn. Thirty minutes before you go outside for your dip, apply a broad-spectrum sunscreen with a minimum of SPF 30. There is no such thing as waterproof sunscreen, but there are water-resistant formulas that give protection even while wet for up to 80 minutes.

To further safeguard your skin while you’re in the water, choose swimwear made from UPF fabric—a special material that offers the same type of UV-fighting protection as a sunscreen.

 

  • How to prevent a sunburn while walking?

When it comes to sun protection, it doesn’t start and stop with sunscreen. On your walk, team up your broad-spectrum sunscreen (with a minimum of SPF 30) with a long-sleeved shirt and long pants, and accessorize with a wide-brimmed hat and, to protect eyes and the surrounding skin, sunglasses with lenses that have 99% to 100% UV absorption. If you have the option, walk on the shady side of the street to avoid direct sunlight.

When it comes to choosing sunscreen, keep your skin type and level of activity in mind. If you have oily skin and you’re planning to work up a sweat on your walk, opt for sports sunscreen.

  • How to prevent a sunburn while working out?

According to the Canadian Dermatology Association, the sun is at its strongest between the hours of 11 a.m. and 3 p.m., so try to get your run, bike ride or tennis match in during off-hours. Perspiration and sunscreen don’t always mix, so it’s important to choose a formula that’s water- and sweat-resistant. Apply it at least 30 minutes before heading outside to allow it to fully absorb and be sure you don’t skip any areas. 

 

  • How to prevent sunburned lips?

Many of us are diligent about applying sunscreen, but we often overlook our lips, which is a particularly sensitive area because it is so thin and always exposed to the sun. You’ll need to reapply it more frequently than you would sunscreen for the rest of your body.

 

 

Sunscreen guide

 

  • What is the best sunscreen for you?

 

For starters, the best sunscreen is the one that you’ll use generously every single day. The Canadian Dermatology Association recommends using one that has a minimum SPF of 30 and is labelled “broad-spectrum,” because this means it protects against both UVA and UVB rays. You also need to take your skin type into consideration. If you’re unsure what that is (dry, oily, combination and/or sensitive.

  • What is the best sunscreen for your face?

Since your face is constantly exposed to harmful UV rays, it’s smart to bump up your coverage to an SPF 60. The best sunscreen for the face is generally a mix of mineral and chemical sun filters and has a formula that melts into the skin quickly without leaving behind a white cast or greasy residue, making it a great pick for all skin types and tones. In terms of application, sunscreen should be the last step in your skincare routine, and you should apply approximately two fingers’ worth (use your index and pointer fingers) to your face, hairline, ears and neck.

  • What is the best sunscreen for acne-prone skin?

If you have acne, you probably don’t like sunscreen. Chalk this up to the fact that many sun-care products are greasy and heavy, which could make breakouts worse. However, the best sunscreen for oily and acne-prone skin is one that’s lightweight and specifically formulated to help meet the needs of those with oily to combination skin.

  • What is mineral sunscreen?

Mineral sunscreens contain inorganic physical filters (such as zinc oxide and titanium dioxide) that achieve their SPF by physically blocking UVA and UVB rays from penetrating the skin. To put it simply, they act as a filter to create a barrier between the skin and UV rays that disperses the rays attempting to directly hit the skin. The main downside to some mineral SPFs is that they tend to leave a white cast when applied, making them difficult to use for all skin tones.

The skincare ingredients to know
The skincare ingredients to know

Reading the label of your favourite skincare products can sometimes feel like you missed a science lesson you should not have. To help you understand what ingredients to look for and why, we’ve listed some of our favourites below and the benefits you can get from using them.

 

Niacinamide

If you are looking for a multi-tasker that can benefit every skincare routine, regardless of skin type, niacinamide (a form of Vitamin B3) is a name you will want to remember. There is not much that this vitamin does not do. It can improve hydration, reduce inflammation and redness, even out skin tone and reduce the appearance of fine lines and wrinkles. Research has even shown that it can help to protect and repair the effects of environmental damage, strengthening your skin’s natural barrier as well as encouraging your skin to make more collagen and hyaluronic acid.

 

Hyaluronic Acid

Hyaluronic acid is key to hydrated skin, and it is naturally found in our bodies from birth. Thanks to its unique structure, it acts like a sponge, holding up to 1,000 times its weight in water. As we age though, its presence starts to gradually decrease, so it helps to top up your levels with a daily dose as part of your skincare routine. It can be applied twice a day topically, morning and night, to all skin types to help compensate for any loss caused to our body's natural supply by ageing or environmental factors. Minéral 89 Hyaluronic Acid Booster is enriched with Vichy Thermal Mineralizing Water and Hyaluronic Acid to deliver your skin's daily dose of strength.

 

Vitamin C

Vitamin C was the most searched for skincare ingredient of 2020 and there’s a reason for that. Applying a dose of this glow-giver in the morning can not only help to brighten your complexion but also protect your skin from free radical damage, pollution, and other environmental factors, which can cause skin ageing and fine lines and wrinkles.

 

Peptides

Peptides are amino acids that make up the proteins your skin needs such as collagen and elastin. Incorporating peptides into your skincare routine can therefore help stimulate collagen production, which naturally decreases as you age. As more collagens can leave your skin looking plumper and younger, this is one of the skincare ingredients that’s worth the hype – especially if you want to target signs of ageing and soften the appearance of fine lines and wrinkles.

 

Salicylic Acid

Salicylic acid is another acid you should have on your radar, particularly if you’re prone to breakouts. This beta-hydroxy acid (or BHA) can penetrate deep into the skin and dissolve skin debris that clogs pores and can cause blackheads and whiteheads. As well as helping you to achieve a clearer complexion, it can also reduce inflammation and redness. Overuse can dry out your skin though, especially if you’re prone to dry skin, so be careful how often you use it.

Teenage acne: Causes & treatments
Teenage acne: Causes & treatments

Teenage acne is often triggered by hormonal changes that occur during puberty, causing skin to become much oilier. With the right treatments and guidance, acne can be kept under control.

 

  • Follow a skin care routine suitable for oily and acne-prone skin

 

  • Look for acne treatments for teens including products formulated with acne-fighting ingredients such as salicylic acid, benzoyl peroxide, and adapalene (a topical retinoid)

 

  • For more severe acne, consult your dermatologist, who can create a personalized treatment plan for you

 

  • Sticking to your recommended treatment is the key to its success



What are the causes of teenage acne?

 

Did you know that nearly 85% of teenagers suffer from acne? That’s the vast majority! If you are dealing with breakouts, you are definitely not alone. But what is the root cause of teenage acne? In most cases, it is triggered by hormonal changes. Genetics may also play a role; if your parents had acne, you may be more likely to develop it as well.



During puberty, your body begins producing more hormones called androgens. One of the most commonly known is testosterone. Androgens have many effects on the body: in both boys and girls, they stimulate the growth of body hair and increase muscle and bone mass. In boys, higher levels of androgens also cause the voice to “break” and facial hair to grow.



As for the effects of androgens on skin, these hormones communicate directly with the sebaceous (oil) glands, telling them to produce lots of oil. As a result, during puberty, the face, and often the back, become oilier. When there is too much oil, the skin’s pores may become blocked with a mixture of sebum and dead skin cells. From here, different types of blemishes can form, ranging from blackheads to pustules to deep, painful cysts.


What is the best acne treatment for teens?

Worried about your teenage acne and looking for a solution? It is recommended that you consult with a dermatologist for the best course of treatment for your skin. Your skin care professional may recommend over-the-counter treatments formulated with acne-fighting ingredients such as salicylic acid, benzoyl peroxide, or adapalene (a topical retinoid).



In more severe cases, you may be prescribed an oral antibiotic such as doxycycline. For very severe and resistant acne, your dermatologist may suggest treatment with Isotretinoin. Regardless of your form of treatment, dermatologists emphasize the need for regular follow-up, and compliance – that means sticking to the treatment – is the key to success.

 

Are there any in-office acne treatments for teens? There is no one-size-fits all solution when it comes to acne. In addition to topical and oral acne treatments, your dermatologist can perform in-office treatments to help manage your acne. These include:


  • Chemical Peels: During this procedure, your skin care professional will apply a chemical solution featuring a high-concentration of ingredients such as salicylic acid. This solution rapidly exfoliates your skin, allowing dead skin cells to shed more easily. It also creates a controlled injury to skin, revealing new, healthy skin cells underneath.

 

  • Extraction: In cases of non-inflammatory acne such as blackheads and whiteheads, your dermatologist may use special sterile tools to manually remove the contents of a pimple.

 

  • Light Therapy: C. Acnes bacteria is often linked with the development of acne. This bacteria can be killed with certain types of light. Most often blue or red light is used, but your dermatologist will determine which treatment is most effective for you.
  •  

Often times, in-office treatments such as chemical peels and light therapy are deemed most effective when performed in a series of multiple treatments. 4-6 treatments is often quoted, but your skin care professional will work with you to determine the most optimal course of treatment based on your specific skin type.



To avoid the possibility of scarring, pigmentation, or other skin damage, it is very important that these treatments are administered by a licensed skin care professional. They should not be performed at home. Because many of these in-office treatments make skin more sensitive to sunlight, a broad spectrum face sunscreen should be used daily. Look for formulas which are oil free and non-comedogenic, meaning that they won’t clog pores or cause breakouts.



Teenagers – now is the time to start good skin care habits!

 

A good skin care routine is vital for oily and acne-prone skin. Here are some tips to help keep your acne under control:

  • Cleanse Daily. Use gentle cleansers formulated specifically for oily and acne prone skin. Look for ingredients such as salicylic acid and zinc pidolate.

 

  • Avoid harsh scrubs. Acne prone skin needs to be treated gently. Using harsh exfoliating scrubs may trigger redness and inflammation.

 

  • Moisturize. If you have acne prone skin, you may be tempted to skip using a moisturizer. However, many acne treatments are formulated with exfoliating ingredients that can have a drying effect on skin. When your skin does not receive enough moisturize, it may start to produce even more oil. If you are looking to offset these effects, opt for an oil free moisturizer to replenish moisture and help restore the skin's natural protective barrier. If you’re looking for a mattifying moisturizer that targets excess oil.

 

  • Be Patient. Acne treatments can take at least 6-8 weeks before they begin to work. During the early weeks of starting an acne treatment, your acne may appear to worsen before it improves (this is normal). Continue with your treatment as directed unless you get irritation that becomes severe.

 

  • Makeup is okay to use. However, opt for non-comedogenic formulas that won’t clog pores. It is also important that you remove makeup using a gentle cleanser before going to bed.

 

  • Wear Sunscreen Every Day. Many acne treatments can cause skin to be more photosensitive. As a result, a broad spectrum facial sunscreen should be applied daily to protect your skin.

 

  • Consult with a dermatologist. If over-the-counter skin care products aren’t providing you with the results you’re looking for, consult with a dermatologist. They can help develop a treatment plan personalized for your unique skin needs.

 

Remember, however severe your teenage acne, there are effective acne treatments for teens out there. The key is to get professional advice from a Dermatologist and stick to your recommended treatment.

 

Breastfeeding with complete peace of mind
Breastfeeding with complete peace of mind

Have you just welcomed or are expecting a new baby? Maybe you want to breastfeed to maintain the intimate relationship you developed over the past nine months, and you want to do it right. Or maybe you have not made up your mind yet and want to clear up a few questions. Here is everything you need to know about breastfeeding, for baby and mother.

 

Breastfeeding is your choice as a new mother

Although the question of breast or bottle obviously did not exist for millennia, you have a choice. Whether or not to breastfeed will be one of your very first decisions as a young mother. Maybe you’ve long since made up your mind, or maybe you’re still not sure and need to understand exactly what it means to breastfeed. Either way, what is important for you and your baby is that you feel good about your thought process and decision. This is a deeply private choice between you and your spouse, and it should be respected.

 

A source of benefits for you and your baby

 Your breastmilk is indisputably and marvellously suited to your baby’s nutritional needs; its composition evolves as your baby grows, and even over the course of feeds during the day. The WHO (World Health Organization) and the PNNS (French national nutrition and health program) even recommend exclusive breastfeeding until a baby reaches 6 months. Even for shorter periods, however, breastfeeding is still recommended, because the infant formulas sold in stores do not share all the characteristics of breastmilk. In addition to this biological fact, the tender, nutritive act of nursing obviously creates a special connection between mother and baby.

 

For your baby
Breastfeeding is the main factor in providing lasting protection for your baby’s health, ensuring that he receives all the nutrients he needs to grow and develop. Although the exact composition of breastmilk varies between mothers, it contains precise proportions of fats, proteins, and carbohydrates along with exactly the right amount of vitamins and mineral salts.

Your milk contains a number of antibodies, naturally protecting your baby from the risk of infectious diseases (bronchiolitis, bronchitis, ear infections, sore throats, etc.) as well as from certain allergies, including food allergies. 

According to the latest research, breastmilk also contributes positively to a child’s weight, limiting the risk of obesity during childhood and adolescence.

 

For you
- Nursing while holding your baby close to you is a unique experience that not only helps build a deep bond between you but also releases hormones that make you feel good between feeds.
- By triggering uterine contractions, nursing helps your uterus regain its tone and shrink back to its usual size more quickly.
- Various studies have shown that breastfeeding is a real asset to your health as a new mother. It drastically reduces the risk of developing osteoporosis.
- By breastfeeding, you’ll get your figure back more quickly: you burn approximately 800 calories for every liter of milk produced.
- Finally, breastfeeding simplifies your life: no bottles to prepare or emergency runs to buy powder on a Sunday evening.

 

Worried about the first few nursing sessions? Don’t be

So you’re convinced of the benefits of breastfeeding but, like all new mothers, you have a lot of questions about how to start and continue milk production? Don’t worry, there are just a few little things to keep in mind as you begin breastfeeding.

 

Yes, you will have enough milk
Milk production depends primarily on your baby’s needs. The baby’s sucking stimulates the release of prolactin and oxytocin, the two main hormones involved in lactation. Your breasts have been preparing to give milk since the start of your pregnancy, so have no fear: you will have milk. And the more baby nurses, the more milk you’ll have. Still, at birth and during the first two to three days, your breasts produce colostrum rather than milk. This thick yellowish orange fluid has exceptional nutritional and anti-infection properties. It contains everything your baby needs during his first days of life, including antibodies to protect him from any microbes he has already encountered after leaving your belly! That’s why it’s so important at first to offer the breast to your baby anytime he seems awake. Let baby nurse as long as he wants and make sure that he’s sucking effectively by listening for regular swallows. These frequent feedings will stimulate milk production and promote your milk coming in 48 to 72 hours after childbirth. Your breasts will swell, harden and become slightly painful. By nursing your infant as soon as your milk comes in and very frequently over the next few days, you’ll relieve your breasts and naturally establish your milk supply.

 

Yes, baby will find your breast
Whenever possible, your baby will be placed on your stomach right after birth, and the very first feed will take place within two hours after he is born. You will then see your newborn spontaneously seek the breast by moving his body and turning his head right and left on your chest until he latches on to a nipple. This is a perfectly natural reflex for him, since the scent given off by your nipple is similar to the smell of the amniotic fluid he spent the last nine months swimming in.


Let baby find your nipple on his own without holding his head or pulling him against your breast, which could cause him to pull back. When baby has found your breast, let him nurse as long as he wants. However, if a Caesarean section or other complication prevents you from breastfeeding this soon, don’t worry. The reflex for seeking out a nipple will just be slightly reduced, and you can gently guide your baby towards your breast and place your nipple in front of his mouth to nurse a little later. Just as you need to trust your baby to find your breast, you should also trust him to feed the right number of times each day. This will vary from one baby to another. On average, newborns want to nurse seven to eight times during a 24-hour period, but some demand up to 12 feedings or even more. Trust your baby and simply meet its needs, whether large or small!

 

The right habits to protect your breasts

Sometimes breastfeeding comes with some minor discomfort. By anticipating it, you’ll save yourself needless worry and know how to respond to make sure that nursing remains a pleasure for both of you.

 

Don’t be bothered by leaking
In the first weeks of breastfeeding, it’s common for milk to leak spontaneously. This can happen when you hear a baby cry, when your baby hasn’t nursed for several hours, when you’re thinking about your baby, during sexual relations or when you feel a strong emotion. These leaks can be annoying, but they are no cause for concern. Simply place a nursing pad in your bra to absorb them and then don’t worry.

 

Avoid cracks and chapping
Cracks and chapping, which many new mothers fear, occur more frequently among women with light skin and hair. They generally occur only during the first few weeks of breastfeeding and can range from just an irritated nipple to a fissure, which can make nursing sessions very painful indeed. Again, don’t worry: these are easy to avoid by taking a few precautions:
- Don’t remove the breast skin’s protective sebum by washing too frequently! One or two showers a day with a gentle cleansing gel is plenty.
- Make sure your baby is positioned correctly, facing the breast with his mouth wide open so he can latch onto the entire areola.
- After the feeding, dry your nipple and apply a special nursing repair cream.
- If cracks have formed despite your efforts, let your breasts air out as long as possible and regularly spread a special nursing repair cream on your painful nipples.

 

Avoid engorgement
The painful hardening of your breasts you’ve heard of is absolutely not inevitable! The best way to avoid it is to nurse your baby as often as possible starting as soon as possible, because engorgement is most frequent when your milk first comes in. If engorgement persists, you can hand-express breast milk by gently massaging the areola between your fingers. You may want to express milk under a warm shower, which helps the milk flow more easily. If you don’t succeed, try using a pump, and continue until your breasts soften and feel comfortable again.

 

Respond appropriately to mastitis
Sometimes, new mothers may feel a large and very painful swelling of the breast, which becomes red and hot. At the same time, they may also experience flu-like symptoms such as extreme fatigue and aches and pains. If you notice these symptoms, immediately take the following steps:
- Nurse your baby as often as possible, especially on the painful side.
- Rest, for real, in bed, with your baby beside you.
- Apply wet, hot towels to your painful breast, or use ice packs (wrapped in a cloth to avoid burns) if cold is more effective at relieving the pain.
- If you see no improvement within 24 hours, call your doctor, who will probably prescribe an antibiotic. You do not, however, have to stop breastfeeding when you have mastitis.

 

Stretch-marks? No thanks!
Stretch-marks? No thanks!

Stretch marks, a gift that comes with pregnancy, not appealing! Particularly as nowadays their appearance can easily be prevented and even be rendered practically invisible if they have managed to form. Stretch marks appear as a result of weight gain and hormonal change. The stomach, hips, thighs and chest are clearly the areas most prone to this. Despite our skin having a degree of elasticity, when rapidly distended, its elastic and collagen fibers may end up breaking down. This is all the more likely during these nine months as certain hormones (cortisol and estrogens) reduce the effectiveness of the fibroblasts, the cells that produce elastin and collagen and are so important for the skin’s suppleness and strength. In short, if you do not take care, you may see small striations appear. At first pink and slightly puffy, they end up as white or pearlescent furrows. But this is not inevitable!

 

The right way to avoid them

Treat early and regularly: these are the key words when it comes to preventing stretch marks because once they have formed, they are more difficult to get rid of completely. So, without becoming obsessed about it, cut out any raids on the cake shop, which only result in needless weight gain. And every day, from the first month onwards, set some non-negotiable time aside to take care of your skin.


Hydration & exfoliation increases the skin’s elasticity. So, after showering, it is essential to moisturize the skin all over your body, which will immediately boost the tone of your skin. And, once a week, use an exfoliant specially formulated for sensitive skin: the penetration of hydrating active ingredients will be optimized by the removal of impurities from the epidermis and you’ll gain baby soft skin into the bargain.


Massage & ad-hoc cream to combat the appearance of stretch marks, it is also necessary to stimulate the skin’s regenerative capacity. This can be done with creams specifically created for use during pregnancy: bursting with 100% natural ingredients, they will immediately act on and the production of the supporting fibers. All the more so if, instead of a quick rub on, you take the time to give yourself a real massage using circular movements.

 After pregnancy, stretch marks might have formed. As with all scarring, they will fade with time. But it is as well to do everything to ensure they do so as fast as possible.


Ultra-targeted treatment Combining natural active ingredients, vitamins and trace elements, they contain everything necessary to reduce any stretch marks that have formed and make them fade. Apply them twice a day, preferably using a palpating rolling massage, the result is astounding.

Go all out if necessary If the stretch marks are really very troubling, consider a more intensive treatment: micro-dermabrasion (renews the layers of the epidermis) or laser treatment (reduces scarring). Very good results but rarely complete removal.